Will Vue Become the Most Popular Front-end Framework in 2023?

ProfilePicture of Eduardo Maciel
Eduardo Maciel
Senior Software Engineer

Vue.js is an open-source JavaScript framework used for building front-end user interfaces. Since its release in 2014, Vue has gradually gained attention among the developer community, largely for its effectiveness in building scalable, maintainable, and resource-efficient applications.

The framework’s lightweight and adaptable nature, ease of use, and powerful features make it a strong choice for building applications. But, with new technology and frameworks emerging much more frequently than previously seen, competition is at an all-time high. So the question is: Will Vue become the most popular front-end framework in 2023?

As a front-end developer with a focus on web technologies, I’m still surprised by the innovation of tools like Vue. In this article, I’ll unpack the features that make this framework so versatile, how it compares to React, the most-used JavaScript framework today, and share my predictions for the future of Vue. 

Table Of Contents

What Is Vue?

Vue is a model–view–ViewModel front-end JavaScript framework that strongly emphasizes the view layer and supports a component-based architecture. 

Vue's model-view-ViewModel component-based architecture
Vue’s model–view–ViewModel component-based architecture

The framework is an excellent option for creating complex single-page applications (SPA). It also has a progressive design that makes it incrementally adaptable, so developers don’t have to go all-in from the project’s outset. Instead, they can start small by bringing tools or features in as needed and gradually convert their application architecture to leverage Vue.

Vue’s Features

There’s a number of reasons Vue is so popular among the developer community. Specifically, Vue is well-loved because of its:

  • Low learning curve
  • Elegant programming patterns
  • Comprehensive documentation
  • Ability to enable the creation of lightweight applications
  • Ease with which it can be incorporated into existing projects

Let’s dig into the core features behind these benefits. 

Small Bundle Size

Compared to competing frameworks, Vue has a relatively small bundle size of 18KB. This makes the framework a performant choice for load time, as it can positively impact an application’s performance, Search Engine Optimization (SEO), and user experience.

Component-based Architecture

Because of Vue’s component-based architecture, large and complex sections of code can be broken up into smaller components. What’s more, everything in Vue can be written as a component that consists of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. This promotes encapsulation, readability, simplicity, and separation of concerns.

It’s Feature-Rich, Right Out of the Box

Vue supports numerous front-end build tools with little-to-no configuration. For instance, Vue supports tools like Babel and Webpack. It also offers server-side rendering (SSR), state managers, configurable and user-friendly routing systems, unit tests, end-to-end testing libraries, and much more.

Ease of Use

Vue was built to offer a great developer experience. It leverages and modernizes the conventional approach to web programming, making it simple for any beginner to get started and feel at ease. It also has a low learning curve and thorough documentation.

Incremental Adoption

Vue doesn’t require complete integration of the framework, making it easy to incorporate into existing projects. So if you decide to use Vue, you can start implementing it in any part of your application.

According to a Stack Overflow survey, 22% of developers say React is one of their most desired frameworks. While React has maintained this status for the last five years, Vue continues to climb the ranks taking third place this year.

The top 5 most desired web frameworks in 2022, according to a Stack Overflow survey.
The top 5 most desired web frameworks in 2022, according to a Stack Overflow survey

Let’s take a look at some of the main differences and similarities between the two technologies. 

Background and Development

React is an open-source front-end library developed and maintained by Facebook (Meta). The library offers developers flexibility, simplicity and a rich package ecosystem for building applications. With such a prominent organization backing React, it will likely continue to exist with long-term support. 

Comparison of Vue and React's backgrounds, development and key features.
Comparison of Vue and React’s backgrounds, development and key features

Vue, on the other hand, was created by Evan You to improve on existing tools from the JavaScript ecosystem. He had a goal to develop a framework that combined the best front-end development strategies from Angular, Ember, and React, along with additional features to make developing web apps quicker, simpler, and overall a better experience for developers. 

Vue and React Syntax

A significant difference between Vue and React is the construction of the view layer. Vue, by default, supports the usage of HTML templates. The usage of the traditional separation of concerns by dividing the logic into HTML, CSS, and JavaScript in Vue makes it simpler for front-end developers of all skill levels to understand how to build web applications. Some web designers are also knowledgeable in HTML templates, which helps facilitate communication between developers and designers.

In contrast, the default way of building the view layer in React is by using JSX, which merges HTML and CSS into JavaScript. This can erode the separation of concerns but can help co-locate all the relevant logic into one location.

Below are more key differences, benefits, and uses of each React and Vue: 

The benefits of and main features of Vue.js and React.

While there are some differences, Vue and React share key characteristics. For instance, both platforms:

  • Make use of a virtual DOM
  • Are performant
  • Leverage modular view components
  • Consist of a core library and let companion packages handle issues like routing and global state management

Vue Usage and Popularity Compared to React

The Jet Brains Dev Ecosystem 2021 poll found that developer proficiency with the two frameworks, and frequency of use, were high, with Vue being on the rise. In a year-over-year comparison, Vue users increased from 34% in 2020 to 43% in 2021, while React users decreased from 64% to 49%.

A 2021 poll shows that React remains the number one used web framework, followed by Vue.js.
2021 JetBrains poll shows that although React remains number one in usage, Vue increased to 43% while React decreased to 49%

The State of Vue in 2022

As Vue continues to gain popularity, more companies are adopting the framework into their organizations. Usage climbed from 10% in 2016 to 51% in 2021, among these users are large-scale companies like the media behemoth NBC and the American university MIT. 

State of JavaScript in 2021 shows developers' usage of top technologies including Vue.js.
Data from the State of JavaScript in 2021 shows developers’ usage of top technologies including Vue.js from 2016 to 2021

Large-Scale Companies Using Vue

Vue is popular with a number of large organizations. Adobe, Netflix, and Nintendo are some more well-known tech companies that use Vue. Here is a quick look at the tools these companies are leveraging Vue for:

  • Adobe: Adobe Portfolio, which enables users to build custom websites via online portfolios.
  • Netflix: The Netflix team uses Vue for certain internal apps, including some crucial cloud tools relating to the administration and operation of infrastructure. 
  • Nintendo: Vue is used by the video game giant on a few regional European websites, including those for Germany, France, Spain, and the UK. My Nintendo and the Nintendo rewards program for game accounts use Vue as part of its architecture.

Industries Utilizing Vue

According to Enlyft, Vue’s customers by industry are largely made up of Information Technology and Services (20%), Computer Software (15%), Internet (7%) and Marketing and Advertising (5%). 

A study that shows Vue.js's users by industry.
A study by Enlyft shows Vue’s top users by industry

Apps Made with Vue

Vue’s powerful features, like its small bundle size, server-side rendering, and progressive adaptation, make it suitable for creating various applications. Some examples include:

  • Single-page (SPA) applications, such as social networks 
  • Microblogging services, CMS, etc.
  • Sites that need to support high load
  • Online stores
  • Information portals and dashboards
  • Application forms

Vue Resources 

Vue features a sizable number of educational resources and how-to guides, a thriving forum, international conferences, and an ever-growing presence on GitHub. The framework’s creator is also heavily involved in the community, and it’s not uncommon to get a response from him if you post a question or start a discussion on the official forums.

Talent Availability and Hiring Demand for Vue Developers

Given the prominence of the React ecosystem, it’s safe to say there are more React developers available in the market. In fact, React is the only tech term in the top five rankings for Hacker News hiring trends, with roughly 26% of postings including it.

Hacker News rankings of top six tech terms used in job postings.
Hacker News rankings of top six tech terms used in job postings

However, Vue’s easy learning curve means that employers can hire developers with any background and train them in Vue projects in a short amount of time with little difficulty. 

The number of Vue job openings is shy in comparison to React, but it is steadily growing. The framework is increasingly well-liked by startups that prioritize technology with low learning curves and allow for higher productivity.

Percentage of job postings for React compared to Vue.js from February 2017 to June 2022.
Percentage of job postings for React vs Vue.js from February 2017 to June 2022

React is a much more established framework and has had more time to prove itself in the labor market. So while Vue might not be able to take the position of React any time soon, if it continues to expand at its current rate, we may see this change in the coming years. 

The Future of Vue

Vue has many great features, but the framework is not without its flaws. It enables developers to build SPAs with great productivity. However, these applications are known to have issues with search engine indexing and might have detrimental effects on SEO. Client-side rendered SPAs can be a bit slow as well since all CSS and JavaScript files must be downloaded on the client side before the end user can see the website. Fortunately, there are some tools that can assist developers in resolving these issues.

Nuxt

Nuxt is a Vue framework that takes advantage of Server-Side Rendering (SSR), meaning that the server will build the HTML, including any meta tags, CSS, and JavaScript. This way, all the data that the browser will need when it requests a website will be prepared on the server and delivered together as part of the response. Ultimately, this approach has a positive impact on a web app’s SEO and performance. 

Nuxt3

Nuxt3, the newest version of Nuxt, is the future of the Vue ecosystem. It comes with incredibly useful and thorough documentation, advanced auto-import functionality, code-splitting, edge-deployment, fresh-data retrieval features from the server, and much more. Nuxt3 offers everything you would expect from a modern web framework and shows how invested and determined the Vue contributors are in the development of this technology.

Final Thoughts

The lifespan of Vue, like any other JavaScript framework, is largely influenced by trends and popularity. The framework becomes more entrenched as more developers embrace it. By looking at GitHub’s data, we can see that about 3 million people are using Vue right now, demonstrating how potent this framework has become. Since its initial release, it has developed into a crucial front-end framework that powers millions of websites worldwide.

Vue is constantly evolving, providing more features than its previous versions. It remains a solid choice for a JavaScript framework because it’s easy to work with and stands out for its simplicity, progressivity, and its flexibility. Being supported and used by large companies and with a very active community, it’s safe to say that Vue isn’t going anywhere anytime soon.


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